November 2016, 24:8
16 November 2016
Impact of Chronic Kidney Insufficiency on Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients that Undergo Coronary Revascularization: A Historical Review
Koh Choong Hou, Kenny Sin Yoong Kong, Terence Kee Yi Shern, Jack Tan Wei Chieh
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with poorer short and long-term cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Even after the commencement of haemodialysis in end stage renal failure patients, mortality exceeds 20% in the first year1. More than 50% of these deaths are contributed by cardiovascular diseases (CVD), of which 20% are caused by acute myocardial infarction2. Consequent to these findings, the degree and impact of coronary revascularization on CKD patients represents a clinical challenge, especially in the setting of advanced stages of CKD.
Chronic Kidney Disease - Percutaneous Coronary Intervention - Chronic Kidney Disease Patient - Ticagrelor - Bare Metal Stents
1 National Heart Centre Singapore, Department of Cardiovascular Medicine. 5 Hospital Drive, Singapore 169609
2 National Heart Centre Singapore, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery. 5 Hospital Drive, Singapore 169609
3 Singapore General Hospital, Department of Renal Medicine. Outram Road, Singapore 169608
© The Author(s) 2016. This article is published with open access by ASEAN Federation of Cardiology.
Correspondence: Koh Choong Hou, Department of Cardiology, National Heart Center Singapore. Email:
Open Access: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY 4.0) which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and the source are credited.